LOW FAT DIET
LOW FAT DIET The goal of this diet is to regulate the levels of blood lipids and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. It is indicated in the presence of hypertension or diabetes for the prevention of atherosclerosis.
also the first step of high blood cholesterol care. It can be combined with a diet with low salt levels.
It may also be helpful when dietary lipids (pancreatitis, gastroesophageal reflux) are difficult to digest,
absorb or turn.
Depending upon the case, it may be more or less restrictive.
|Recommended foods||Foods to limit|
|Meats, fish||Lean meats (skinless chicken and turkey, beef, veal, ham), fish and seafood (lobster, crab, and oysters in moderation) – cooked without fat.||Bacon, sausages and cold cuts, duck, goose, chicken or turkey skin, fast food, offal (liver, kidneys), canned fish in oil, shrimp.|
|Eggs||Egg whites and egg substitutes at will||Limit the consumption of egg yolks to 3 per week.|
|Fruits||Eat at least 3 servings (½ cup) of fresh or frozen fruit every day, with no added sugar.||Coconut, fatty fruits (avocados and olives).|
|Vegetables||No limit on the quantities of vegetables. Prefer cooking in steam or in the microwave, without fat.||Avoid vegetables cooked in oil or butter.|
|Nuts, peanuts||In moderation (1 tablespoon per day): pecans, walnuts, sunflower seeds, almonds and pistachios.||Avoid cashews, peanut butter and roasted nuts / peanuts in oil.|
|Bread, cereals||Low fat bread and cookies in moderation.||Baked products containing eggs, shortening, whole milk and / or sugar.|
|Dairy products||Always use skimmed milk or products made with skimmed milk (cheese and yogurts).||Whole milk and whole milk products, cream, ice cream, puddings, yogurt and cheeses made from whole milk, cream substitutes.|
|Fat, oils||Soft margarine and unsaturated vegetable oils (olive, canola, peanut, safflower, or sesame oils).||Butter, saturated fat (palm or coconut oil, lard) hard margarine, dressings, sauces, bacon fat, cream sauces.|
|Desserts and sweets||Fruit ice cream, egg white soufflés, homemade pastries made with egg whites, recommended fats and a limited amount of sugar.||Fried products, products containing: eggs, whole milk, cream, butter, shortening, chocolate or jam.|
|Appetizer||Popcorn without butter, crackers and low fat cookies.||Chips and fatty appetizers.|
|Drinks||Skimmed milk, fruit juices without added sugar, soft drinks without sugar, coffee, tea and herbal teas without cream.||Fruit juices and sugary soft drinks, whole milk. Limit alcohol intake.|
People on a diet designed to lower triglycerides should avoid sugar and foods that contain it.